Pennsylvania Grocery Costs Are Among the Highest in U.S.: Report

If you live in Pennsylvania and feel like your grocery bills are getting higher, you are not alone. According to a recent report by Consumer Affairs, a product review and consumer news platform, Pennsylvania has experienced the highest increase in grocery prices among all 50 states in the past year.

The report, which analyzed data from 150,000 stores in 15 categories, found that the average cost of food at grocery stores in Pennsylvania went up 8.2% between November 2022 and November 2023. This is well above the national average of 5.3% and the lowest state increase of 2.9% in Colorado.

Causes of Grocery Inflation in Pennsylvania

What are the factors behind this steep rise in grocery costs in Pennsylvania? The report suggests that several reasons may be at play, such as supply chain disruptions, labor shortages, transportation costs, weather events, and consumer demand. However, some of the most significant drivers of grocery inflation in Pennsylvania are the rising prices of grains, beans, and pasta, which increased by 13.4%, 12.9%, and 11.8%, respectively. These staples are widely consumed by Pennsylvanians and are essential ingredients for many dishes.

Another reason for the high grocery inflation in Pennsylvania is the lack of competition among grocery stores, especially in rural areas. The report found that shoppers in rural areas paid 7.6% more for groceries than those in urban areas. This is because rural grocery stores have fewer options to source their products and often rely on wholesalers instead of manufacturers, which adds to the costs. Moreover, rural grocery stores face higher operational expenses, such as electricity, rent, and wages, which are passed on to the consumers.

Impacts of Grocery Inflation on Pennsylvanians

The rising cost of food has a significant impact on the lives of Pennsylvanians, especially those with low or fixed incomes. According to the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Pennsylvania ranks 10th in the nation for food insecurity, with 11.9% of households experiencing limited or uncertain access to adequate food.

The pandemic has worsened this situation, as many people lost their jobs, faced reduced hours, or had to deal with increased medical expenses. The report by Consumer Affairs found that the biggest rise in grocery prices occurred in ZIP codes where the average income is between $35,000 and $50,000.

The high grocery inflation also affects the health and nutrition of Pennsylvanians, as they may have to cut back on the quality or quantity of food they consume. Some of the most nutritious foods, such as fruits, vegetables, dairy, and meat, are also among the most expensive. For example, the price of apples increased by 9.4%, cheese by 8.9%, and chicken by 8.8% in the past year. As a result, some Pennsylvanians may resort to cheaper but less healthy alternatives, such as processed or fast foods, which can lead to obesity, diabetes, and other chronic diseases.


Pennsylvania is facing a serious challenge of grocery inflation, which is affecting the wallets, well-being, and welfare of its residents. The report by Consumer Affairs reveals that Pennsylvania has the highest increase in grocery prices in the U.S., driven by factors such as supply chain issues, consumer demand, and lack of competition.

The report also shows that the rising cost of food is hitting the hardest on low-income and rural households, who are already struggling with food insecurity and poor nutrition. To address this problem, Pennsylvania needs to take action to improve its food system, such as supporting local farmers, expanding food assistance programs, and increasing access to affordable and healthy food for all.

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